Difference between flat plate battery & tubular battery
The life of a flat plate battery is lower when compared to a tubular battery. Flat plate batteries can easily shed their active material over time. The lead wires in the flat plate electrode are more easily attacked by the acid over time causing grid corrosion which is a common mode of battery failure. Flat plate batteries are usually used in starter applications like in an automotive battery. Where the battery needs to be deeply discharged, flat plate batteries easily fail when compared to tubular batteries. Flat plate batteries are cheaper while buying for an application like inverter battery. But this can prove costly as the life will be so short when compared to the investment cost of a tubular battery for inverter applications and the better life you will get from a tubular battery.
Why tubular battery is better?
The main reason is the multi-tube bag gauntlet and increased surface area of the positive plate. Advanced multi-tube bag gauntlets are constructed of 100% polyester of high-tenacity, multifilament yarns that are impregnated with an acrylic resin system and fixed crosswise to the tubes. Gauntlets commonly called PT Bags have the following characteristics:
- High porosity
- Low electrical resistance
- A well-defined pore size that permits easy movement to the electrolyte, but at the same time reduces the active material shedding to a negligible amount
- Good mechanical resistance and elasticity – The gauntlet resists the high pressure that the active material produces during its cyclical expansion.
- The fabric holds the active material pressed to the lead spines ensuring stable performance.
- Mechanical resistance to abrasion during cell assembly reduces scraps and pollution
- Reduced release speed of antimony – The fabric keeping the active material all around the spines acts as a filter for the electrolyte, reducing the release speed of antimony from positive grids.
- In contrast, in pasted plates, there is almost no distance between grid wires and electrolyte
- Due to increased positive plate surface area, tubular batteries have 20% more electrical capacity than flat plate batteries of comparable size and weight.
- With less positive plate shedding, tubular batteries also provide up to a 30% longer service life than flat plate batteries
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