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Microtex Energy, writes industry neutral, scientific articles on battery chemistry

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2v OPzS Battery

Stationary Battery Maintenance Guide

Stationary batteries are referred to batteries that are not moved from where it is installed. These batteries are usually installed as a battery backup in telecommunications, electricity sub-stations, off-grid…
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Battery Sulfation

What is battery sulfation?

What is battery sulfation? How does battery sulfation occur? Battery sulfation occurs when a battery is undercharged or deprived of a full charge. Every time we don’t complete a…
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Maintenance of lead-acid battery

Lead-acid battery undergoes self-discharge of 1% per month for antimonial battery and much less for lead-calcium. The float charge current should be just adequate to compensate for the loss…
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How to calculate Battery Capacity?

Battery capacity calculator

The battery capacity required for specific application can be calculated in the following manner. Let us take the example of Inverter battery An inverter battery is expected to work…
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2v 800 OPzV Battery Bank

Tubular GEL batteries

Tubular Gel Valve Regulated lead Acid Battery are lead acid batteries with tubular positive plates for cyclic applications and it is sealed for its service life and are maintenance…
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Why do batteries explode?

Why do lead-acid batteries explode?

During the end of charge all lead acid batteries produce hydrogen which is evolved by the breaking up of the electrolyte into hydrogen & oxygen. In sealed VRLA batteries…
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acid used in battery

Acid used in Battery

Sulphuric acid is the aqueous acid electrolyte used in lead acid batteries. Sulphuric acid is diluted with chemically clean & pure water (demineralized water) to obtain about 37% concentration…
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Comparion of standard properties of secondary batteries

Comparison of Commercial Batteries

There are quite a few battery parameters & based on the different applications a battery is used for, certain parameters are more important than other parameters
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Chemical Reaction in a lead acid battery

Lead Acid Battery Chemical Reaction Explained

All Batteries are electrochemical systems which   function as a source of electrical Power and energy.  Each system has 2 electrodes (Positive and Negative), electrolyte and separator. Most electrochemical…
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What is a golf cart battery

What is a Golf Cart Battery?

The requirement for deep cycle electric powered golf cart vehicles such as golf buggies, electric canal boats and barges, camper homes or tent lighting all have the same basic…
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Microtex Forklift Battery

What is an equalizing charge?

The intention of equalizing charge is to bring the on-charge voltage of a lead-acid battery to gassing levels so that all the unconverted lead sulphate is charged to lead…
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UPS & Inverter Industry

How to charge a battery?

A battery is an electrochemical device which stores energy in a chemically bonded structure and releases the energy in the form of electrons resulting from the battery’s chemical discharge…
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Intellibatt Inverter battery

Glossary of Battery Terms

The following summary is a short version of terms used in everyday dealings with batteries and battery technology. It is not comprehensive and is designed to provide the layman…
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Solar Battery

Origin of lead acid battery

It is the lead acid battery chemistry which is still, after 160 years since its invention, the most prolific provider of stored energy on the planet.
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SMF 12v 42Ah

What is a VRLA battery?

A Valve Regulated Lead Acid (VRLA) battery is simply a lead acid battery in which the electrolyte has been immobilised in order to recombine hydrogen and oxygen. It has…
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SMF 12v 33AH

VRLA Batteries – Explained

The term sealed maintenance free or SMF means that water additions are not required over a VRLA battery’s guaranteed lifetime. Most VRLA batteries will still need some maintenance such…
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Materials Handling Industry

What is a Traction Battery?

According to European standard IEC 60254 – 1 lead acid traction batteries are used as power sources for electric propulsion in applications which include road vehicles, locomotives, industrial trucks…
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Mining locomotive battery

mining locomotive battery

The working environments of mines do differ depending on their location and the material being extracted. An underground coal mine for example will focus on fire abatement and protection…
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PVC Battery Separators

PVC Battery Separators

PVC battery separators are microporous diaphragms placed between the negative and positive plates of lead acid batteries to prevent any contact between them to avoid internal short circuit
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E Rickshaw in rural India

Erickshaw batteries

These vehicles are 3 wheelers pulled by an electric motor ranging from 650-1400 watts. They are mostly manufactured in India and China. Most have a mild steel tubular chassis…
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How long will an inverter battery last?

What is an inverter battery used for? Not so long ago, the inverter battery was predominantly used in commercial applications such as power stations and the automotive industry for…
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OPzS battery

Lead acid battery or lithium ion?

The perception in the public domain is that lead acid batteries are old technology. Lithium ion batteries has a different perception, it is modern, cleaner, it has 3 or…
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Solar Industry

Sizing of Lead Acid Batteries

To ensure a system that satisfies the usage requirements it is necessary to obtain a reasonably detailed picture of the loading and run time autonomy of the battery. Allowances…
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